Skip to main content

Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

See other formats

332                                      ETYMOLOGY OF LOCAL
use is ffrdma, gdmat or gdnw.    It occurs, however, far less frequently, at least
in an unmurilated state.    Thus of the 61 Tillages in the Eosi pargana there
are only two with this affix, viz., Dahi-ganw. named from the Dadhi-kund,
and Pai-gamv from the Pai-ban-kund; dadhi and pay as both meaning (milk/
In the 111 Clihata Tillages there are four, i'iz.« Bhan-ganw, Xand-ganw, Naii-
gaina, and Uneha-ganw.     In the 1C 3 3Iathnra villages there are six, m.?
Bachb-ganw, Bhan-ganw, Jakliin-ganTv,, Xaugama (properly Na-gama from its
founder Xaga), Xim-ganw, and Uncha-ganw.     In the 141 Mat villages there
is only one, Tenti-ka-ganw, and this a name given by Raja Suraj Mall—on
account of the abundance of the karil plant "with its fruit called tenti—to a place
formerly known as Akbar-pnr.    In the  203 Mahaban villages only two, viz.,
Nim-g;imv and Paiii-ganw; and in the 129 S'adabad villages, four, viz*, Kukar-
gama, Xaugiima, Eisgamaj and Tasigau.    The proportion is therefore little
more than tiro per cent, and even of this small number the majority may
reasonably be presumed to be of modern date.   Thus JsTau-gama in the Chhata
pargana was formed in later Mohammadan times by a moiety of the popula-
tion of the parent village Taroll, who under imperial pressure abandoned their
ancestral faith and submitted to the yoke of Islam.    Again the five or six
villages, such as Bachh-ganw^ Dalii-gan\v, &c., that have sprung up round the-
sacred groves and lakes and retain the Dame of the tiratli unaltered, simply
substituting mnw for the original ban or famd^ are almost certaiuly due to the
followers of YallabhaeMrya at the beginning of the 10th century, or to the
GosaiH -who composed the modern Brahma-vaivarta Purana and first made
these spots places of Yaislmava pilgrimage.    It may therefore be inferred that
in older names the termination grama has, like puri, been so mutilated as to
become difficult of recognition.    Hie last name on the list,  ris.,  Tasigau, is
valuable as suggesting the"«character of the corruption, which it exhibits in a
transitional stage.    The final syllable, which is variably pronounced as gau^ go^
or gon, is unmistakably a distinct word, and can only represent gdnw.    The
former part of the compound, which at first sight appears not a little obscure,
is illustrated by a village in the Matliura pargana, Tasfha, a patti, or subdivision
of tlie township of Sonklij which is said to bear the name of one of the five sons
of the Jat founder, ihe other four being Ajal, Asa, Piirna, and Sahjua.   As these
are clearly Hindi vocables, it may be presumed that Tasiha is so likewise, and
we shall probably be right if we take it for the Prakrit form of the Sanskrit tishya,
©nc of the lunar mansions, used in the sense of * auspicious,' in the same way
as the more common Piisa, which represents the asterism Pushya.   Thus, as the
letter g can be elided under the same rule as the p in puri, the original termination